CategoryPart X

Article 256 – Obligation of States and the Union

 The executive power of every State shall be so exercised as to ensure compliance with the laws made by Parliament and any existing laws which apply in that State, and the executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of such directions to a State as may appear to the Government of India to be necessary for that purpose.

Article 244A – Formation of an autonomous State comprising certain tribal areas in Assam and creation of local Legislature or Council of Ministers or both therefor

1[ (1) Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, Parliament may, by law, form within the State of Assam an autonomous State comprising (whether wholly or in part) all or any of the tribal areas specified in 2 [Part I] of the table appended to paragraph 20 of the Sixth Schedule and create therefor–

(a) a body, whether elected or partly nominated and partly elected, to function as a Legislature for the autonomous Stale, or

(b) a Council of Ministers,

or both with such constitution, powers and functions, in each case, as may be specified in the law.

(2) Any such law as is referred to in clause (1) may, in particular,–

(a) specify the matters enumerated in the State List or the Concurrent List with respect to which the Legislature of the autonomous State shall have power to make laws for the whole or any part thereof, whether to the exclusion of the Legislature of the State of Assam or otherwise;

(b) define the matters with respect to which the executive power of the autonomous State shall extend;

(c) provide that any tax levied by the State of Assam shall be assigned to the autonomous State in so far as the proceeds thereof are attributable to the autonomous State;

(d) provide that any reference to a Stale in any article of this Constitution shall be construed as including a reference to the autonomous State; and

(e) make such supplemental, incidental and consequential provisions as may be deemed necessary.

(3) An amendment of any such law as aforesaid in so far as such amendment relates to any of the mailers specified in sub-clause (a) or sub-clause (b) of clause (2) shall have no effect unless the amendment is passed in each House of Parliament by not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting.

(4) Any such law as is referred to in this article shall not be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368 notwithstanding that it contains any provision which amends or has the effect of amending this Constitution.]


1. Inserted by the Constitution (Twenty-second Amendment) Act, 1969, section 2 (w.e.f. 25-9-1969).

2. Substituted by the North Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971 (81 of 1971), section 71, for “Part A” (w.e.f. 21-1-1972).

Article 244 – Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas

(1) The provisions of the Fifth Schedule shall apply to the administration and control of the Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes in any State 1 [***] other than the 2 [States of Assam 3 [4 [Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram]]].

(2) The provisions of the Sixth Schedule shall apply to the administration of the tribal areas in 2 [the state of Assam, 3 [5 [Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram]]].


1. The words and letters “specified in Part A or Part B of the First Schedule” omitted by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, section 29 and Schedule.

2. Substituted by the North Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971 (81 of 1971), section 71, for “the State of Assam” (w.e.f. 21-1-1972).

3. Substituted by the Constitution (Forty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1984, section 2, for “and Meghalaya” (w.e.f. 1-4-1985).

4. Substituted by the State of Mizoram Act, 1986 (34 of 1986), section 39, for “Meghalaya and Tripura” (w.e.f. 20-2-1987).

5. Substituted by the State of Mizoram Act, 1986 (34 of 1986), section 39, for “Meghalaya and Tripura and the Union Territory of Mizoram” (w.e.f. 20-2-1987).