CategoryPart IV

Article 51 – Promotion of international peace and security

The State shall endeavour to–

(a) promote international peace and security;

(b) maintain just and honourable relations between nations;

(c) foster respect for international law and treaty obligations in the dealings of organised peoples with one another; and

(d) encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration.

Article 49 – Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance

1It shall be the obligation of the State to protect every monument or place or object of artistic or historic interests,1[declared by or under law made by Parliament] to be of national importance, from spoilation, disfigurement, destruction, removal, disposal or export, as the case may be.]


1. Substituted by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, section 27, for “declared by Parliament by law”.

Article 48A – Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life

1[48A. Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life

The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country.]

 


1. Inserted by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976, section 10 (w.e.f. 3-1-1977). 

Article 48 – Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry

The State shall endeavour to organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines and shall, in particular, take steps for preserving and improving the breeds, and prohibiting the slaughter of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle.

Article 47 – Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health

The State shall regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medicinal purposes of intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are injurious to health.

Article 46 – Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections

The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.

Article 45 – Provision for free and compulsory education for children

1[ Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years — The State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and educa¬≠tion for all children until they complete the age of six years.]


1. Article 45 shall stand Substituted by Constitution (Eighty Sixth Amendment) Act, 2002, notified on 16 February 2010. Earlier the article stood as:

“The State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years.”

Article 44 – Uniform civil code for the citizens

The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.

Article 43B – Promotion of cooperative societies

1[The State shall endeavour to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co-operative societies.]

 


1. Inserted by the Constitution (Ninety-seventh Amendment) Act, 2011 w.e.f. 15.02.2012.

Article 43A – Participation of workers in management of industries

1[The State shall take steps, by suitable legislation or in any other way, to secure the participation of workers in the management of undertakings, establishments or other organisations engaged in any industry.]

 


 

1. Inserted by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976, section 9 (w.e.f. 3-1-1977).